A Starting List of Filmmaking Terms
- Pre-production: “Preparation is all-important.”
Writing – “Drama is life with the dull bits cut out” --Hitchcock, Ideas, 3 Act Structure (intro, tension, crisis (climax), resolution), Genre (Horror, Romantic Comedy, Noir, Western, High School Comedy, Mystery, Melodrama), The Hook, Scene, Sequence, Character Archetypes, Protagonist, Antagonist, The Pitch, Screenplay, Treatment, Allusions, Story Coherence and Unity, Emotional Payoff, Story Conference
Storyboard, Animatics, Framing the Shot, Location Scouting (getting permission), Costume and Makeup, Shot List, Scheduling, Organization, Dialogue, Props
2) The Shoot: “We’re losing the light.”
Shot Types - Establishing Shot, Close-Up, Extreme Close-Up, Medium Shot, Full Shot
Over-the-Shoulder, Tracking (Dolly) Shot, Pan, Tilt, POV Shots, Eyeline Match, Handheld Shot, Shot Composition, Continuity, Reverse Shot
Tripod, Telephoto Lens, Wide Angle Lens, Rack Focusing, Auto Focus vs. Manual Focus
Mise en Scene, Room Tone, Head Room, Magic Hour, Coverage, Boom Mic Operator, External Microphone, Cinematographer, Header and Footer, Zoom (NO!), Director,
Dominant, Subsidiary Contrasts, Placement Within the Frame, Improvisation, Blocking,
Patience, Multiple Takes, Coverage, Insert Shots, Dolly,
Lighting, Camera Batteries, Ambient Noise, Shadows, Daylight, 3 Point Lighting, Wrap
3) Post-production: “Editing feels like continuing the writing process.”
Editing, iMovie, Diegetic vs. Non-Diegetic Music, Montage, Special Effects, Foley,
Dubbing, Rough Cut, Final Cut, Credits, Titles, Outtakes, Reshoots, Trailer, Voice Over, Jump Cut, Revision, Seamless Transitions – Dissolves, Fade to Colors, Cut
Premiere, Making-of Documentary, Hollywood, Fame
Roles: Writer, Director, Actor, Editor, Sound Engineer (Boom Mic Operator), Camera Operator, Coordinator, Cinematographer, Extra, Makeup Artist, Set Designer, Script Supervisor, Producer
After I shared many of these terms, my fellow Instructor Joe spelled out with the use of a Power Point presentation many of the main shot types and the basic syntax of a scene as it often moves from an establishing shot to a long shot, medium shots, and then close ups as the scene reaches some sort of emotional intensity. We paused to examine the opening shot of Orson Welles' Touch of Evil and Hitchcock's thoughts on the Kuleshov effect.
After a half hour break, we turned to learning how to operate the t3i cameras. I have already posted some of the guidelines on that.
After lunch, we were fortunate to be able to check out a new movie made by one of the class alums--Morgan Honaker. It is called Drained. The filmmaker now plans on arriving on Friday to help out the class with sound technique, and to discuss her career in Austin, Texas.
Drained from Morgan Honaker on Vimeo.
By the afternoon, after taking inventory of the class equipment, the students went off in their two groups to shoot beginning scenes. We will see how successful they were when they start editing tomorrow.
By Friday, we will have 3 alumni visit (one by Skype) to talk of their subsequent careers in film.